Due to the COVID-19, the government has taken measures to prevent the spread of the coronavirus, which means the people have to stay at home to decrease the unnecessary travel and the contact with each other. In this ways, the public transport has been nearly empty and it is hard to see a private car driving on the road and pedestrian hanging on the street. Most of the corporations and shops have closed, and all the shows and parties have all been prohibited. Instead, the on-line remote working and delivering service have arisen to guarantee the company production and daily life. After several months, the remote working has been accepted by most corporations and the travel frequency has maintained at a low level. How could the travel behaviour change after the COVID-19 if the new mode of business has changed?


The travel can be divided into two main categories, including the commuting travel and leisure travel. The traditional traffic planning and design predict the development trend of traffic demand of the transportation system and the requirements of the transportation supply to achieve the balance between the demand and supply in the transportation system and realize the safety, efficiency, energy saving, and environmental protection of transportation. While all of these focus on the commuting travel, where the aim of the transport system is to alleviate the traffic congestion and prompt the efficiency of the commuting travel. With the rapid development of the transport system, the demand of travel has been intensified, which has caused the pollution of toxic gas to the environment. The way to solve the traffic problems have experience the expanding construction to the traffic demand management. The COVID-19 gives the world a chance to think about whether the commuting travel could be replaced by the new mode of business, and new way to plan the transport system for traffic engineers. The COVID-19 may change the future travel behaviour and the traffic planning. 

Commuter travel can be declined


Due to the COVID-19, all kinds of the travel have been restricted, including the business and commuting travel, except the travel that deals with the patients and the goods delivering. At the same time, all kind of the transport also suffer from this coronavirus pandemic. On the aspect of the public transport, the commuter numbers have collapsed, where the use of the metro system has dropped from 70%-90% all-round the world. Simultaneously, the ride-hailing service and bike-sharing have nearly stopped during the COVID-19, because the people concerns about the risk of the infection and all unnecessary travel has been cancelled by individual. Under this circumstances, the private car can provide the safe space for travel, while most of the corporation has announced working at home. The on-line meeting has been a new trend for working and education, where the communication software like Tencent and Zoom have already meet the users’ requirement. After three to five months, the videoconference apps have uploaded several time and can be run effectively. At the same time, the new mode for business and teaching have already be explored and examined to be useful.


Because of the COVID-19, the travel has decreased tremendously, which means the pollution of the traffic has also decreased. Most of the climate problems have been solved without a specific program, and the consumption of the energy by traffic has dropped a lot. This will be the key question for the government to think whether the physical meetings and business should be continued or the new mode to work are supposed to be recommended. From the chart 1, we can clearly see that most people prefer the leisure travel instead of the commuting travel, which can be interpreted that the people have accepted the on-line business and think they are feasible. The commuting travel can be substituted by the remote collaboration, which may save more time for the employees to commute.

Leisure travel should be focused

When we focus on the leisure travel during the COVID-19, it also experiences the great change. Firstly, all the international travel has been restricted, which means the international tourism industry are over for the holidays. Domestic tourist has also been stopped to prevent the spread of epidemic, where all the conferences, shows and scenic are closed. What’s more, all the market and restaurants have changed their strategies from offline sales to online shopping and delivery. While the entertainment activities have all been influenced, for example the cinema, the bars and the playground.
Although the take-out service of the food and grocery delivery service can mitigate the physiological need, but the belongingness and love need and self -actualization need, which is included in the hierarchical theory of needs, can never be solved beyond the leisure activities, which means the leisure travel can never be stopped or dropped. It is easy to see that the marketing has apparently accepted the online shopping via virtual reality tours and demos, and video streaming. While you can never see that any cinemas, bars and scenic have proposed any on-line policy to mitigate the losses.


Furthermore, as soon as the lockdown measures are relaxed in the future, the most desired travel will be the leisure travel, including site visit and entertainment. The travel behaviour will be a huge change after the COVID-19, where the commuting travel may be replaced by the innovative working mode but the leisure travel hasn’t found an effective substitute.

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